WHO ARE HIGH RISK PERSONS? DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES BY BLOOD GLUCOSE CRITERIA WHO ARE HIGH RISK PERSONS?

The following persons are at high risk to develop diabetes :
Individuals with positive family history of diabetes
Overweight individuals
Persons with
Hypertension
Hyperlipidaemia (Increase in cholesterol, triglyceride premature coronary artery disease etc.)
Those with previous bad obestetrical history
Recurrent abortion
Stillbirth
Congenital malformation
Big Baby etc.
DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES BY BLOOD GLUCOSE CRITERIA
Diabetes is a state of chronic hyperglycaemia (rise in blood glucose levels). Correct and definitive diagnosis is mandatory by the proper glycaemic (blood glucose) criteria for the management of diabetes patients.
Glycaemic Criteria for non-pregnant adults and pregnant women are different and glucose load for OGTT in children is different than the adults.
Urine Glucose testing is not adequate for diagnosis of diabetes and positive results must be confirmed by the blood glucose estimation. Glycated Haemoglobin (HbAIC) and Fructosamine tests are highly specific but less sensitive, hence one could miss mild diabetes (these tests are supplementary tests and tests for monitoring diabetes should not be taken as a method of diagnosing diabetes).
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